The University of Calabar grew out of the Campus of the University of Nigeria, which began functioning during the 1973/1974 academic session with 154 students and a small cadre of academic, administrative and professional staff. In 1975, the Calabar Campus was transformed into a full=fledged University designated as the University of Calabar. It began academic work with the Faculties of Arts, Science and Social Science in October, 1976 with an initial enrolment of 977 students. Education was then a Department in the Faculty of Arts. At the beginning of the 1977/1978 academic year, the Department of Education was upgraded to the Faculty of Education. Since then, the Faculty of Education has been experiencing impressive growth. The Department of Vocation and Special Education came into being in October, 1997 through the splitting of the former Department of Curriculum and Teaching into two.
There were five academic programme approved for the Department of Vocational and Special Eduction. Thesse were:
- Agricultural Education
- Business Education
- Physical and Health Education
- Home Economics
- Special Education
The Department is administered by the Head of Department in cooperation with the Departmental Board. Membership of the Departmental Board is made up of all lecturers in the Department. The Departmental Board is the general policy making body subject to the authority of the Senate and the Faculty Board. It deals with all matters of general interest to staff and students.
The are academic advisers/examination officers, who attend to students' academic and personal problems. All matters are first discussed with the appropriate adviser. Students however have unrestricted access to the Head of Department. All matters for the consideration of Graduate School, Senate or the Vice Chancellor are routed through the Head of Department and the Dean of Education.